(Atlantic City, N. J., 1947). Large 4to. (278x214 mm / 10.94x8.43 inches). Offprint from Bell System Technical Journal, Vol. 18, pp.495-513, December, 1947. Original printed wrappers with holes punched in the back (as issued). Lower left corner with traces after having been bended. Lower 2 cm of spine loosened, otherwise fine and clean throughout. Pp. 19.
Scarce offprint issue of Olmstead and Tukey's important paper in which a new method for the association of two continuous variables are proposed. "Its notable properties are: (1) Special weight is given to extreme values of the variables. (2) Computation is very easy. (3) The test is non-parametric." (From the present paper).
"One of the most influential statisticians of the twentieth century, John Wilder Tukey (1915-2000) played a key role in both the development and study of statistics. Upon receiving his Ph.D. in mathematics in 1939 from Brown University, he joined the faculty at Princeton; in 1945, he also began work at Bell Laboratories. Equally committed to both Princeton and Bell Labs, Tukey chose to work concurrently at both institutions. He was also a consultant for many companies, such as Merck and Company, Xerox Corporation, and the Educational Testing Service, and was a frequent advisor to the government for such programs as the US Census. From 1960 to 1980 he led the statistical component of NBC's election night projections. Among other projects Tukey analyzed Alfred Kinsey's research and examined data on ozone depletion. Tukey made many important contributions to the field of statistics, such as work in time series analysis, exploratory data analysis, and multiple comparisons.
In early 1945, Tukey began working for Bell Labs, a lifelong association, as it would turn out. While at Bell Labs, Tukey worked with B. D. Holdbrook to develop the Nike missile system although the scant correspondence within this collection is rather routine and doesn't reflect their extensive contribution. Tukey also had a reputation for being discreet regarding his more sensitive projects." (American Philosophical Society).